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Different Types of Poker Games

The U.S. is credited has been the birthplace of the various, different forms of poker. This is generally attributed to the 1900s. Most of these variants share the standard order of play, hand values used, number of betting rounds, action taken between rounds and exactly what is dealt. Casinos and poker rooms generally divide them into three major poker variants.

Draw poker

This is a where players are dealt complete hands, hidden, then try to improve by replacing cards. The most common version is a five draw card.

Community card poker

Where a player’s hidden cards are combined with shared face-up cards. The most common is Texas Hold em and Omaha Hold em. This is arguably the most common type of poker in the U.S., and around the world, today. Texas Hold em encompass the majority of tournaments held as part of the World Series of Poker (WSOP).

Texas Hold em

In this version, players are dealt two pocket or hole cards then wait for five community cards to be revealed. It takes four rounds of betting to determine the winner of a given hand. These rounds are played after the hole cards are dealt, after revelation of the first three community cards (flop), after the 4th community card (turn) and fifth community card is revealed (river). Read through the Texas Hold em hand rankings here.


It can be played with between two to ten players at a time. Four rounds of betting are involved (similar to Texas Hold em). The only difference is each player is dealt four hole cards instead of 2. Players must make a five-card hand using exactly two of their hole cards and three of the community cards.

Stud poker

This variant is where each player participates in multiple betting rounds with face up and face down cards. A particular variant, the stud horse poker was a major source of controversy in 1885 and banned by a California statute until 1947. Razz is one of the more interesting and very stressful stud games.

High/Low Chicago

The player with the highest-spade faced down wins half the entire pot in high Chicago. However, in low Chicago the player with the lowest spade faced down wins half the entire pot. The remaining hand is won by the card player with the better/best hand. The individual who has the best-hand and the winning spade (high or low) depending on the version, wins the entire pot.

Follow the queen

A wild card is designated as whichever card is immediately dealt (face up) after a queen was previously dealt. If by chance, the final card dealt is a queen, then all queens are deemed wild. In the event no queen is dealt, then there ceases to be wilds for than hand. Betting sticks to the standard order of 7-card stud games.

Oxford stud

Despite the name this variant combines stud and community poker. Its popularity grew at M.I.T during the 1960s. Here, players receive individual down cards, individual up cards and community cards. First, each player is dealt two down cards and one up card; this is followed by a first betting round. It is paid with a bring-in, the lowest up card being forced to pay it. Betting then follows after this. After the betting completion, two community cards are dealt followed by a 2nd round of betting. The second betting round begins with the player with the highest-ranking incomplete poker hand (from face-up hand and two community cards). A second card is dealt to each player, followed by third betting round, beginning again with the player with the highest-incomplete hand. Finally, a third community card is dealt on the table, followed by another betting round. Each player then makes the best five-card hand from four cards he dealt in addition to three community cards.